Just a quick note. I was working on some Web User Control and needed to persist information across postbacks and thought of using ViewState. But while I was working on it, I realized that I was using the same key for saving another information in the parent Page's (the Page containing the user control) ViewState.
I did a little verification and it turns out that despite having the same key being used for saving different values to ViewState, having it assigned inside the Web User Conrol and inside the Page results to two different ViewState items.[more] I verified by assigning ViewState to the Page's and the User Control's Page_Load event handler, then since the user control's page load fires later than the two, placed a breakpoint after it, checked the ViewState (while inside the User Control code) and it returned the value assigned inside it, while calling Page.ViewState and the same key, it retrieved the value that was previously assigned from the Page_Load of the parent Page.
This is the behavior as far as my little test has shown but feel free to verify in your machine and let us know how it goes especially if the behavior is different from above.
This is not to be confused with Control State which is discussed more clearly from the links below: